Safer sex tips are approaches to reduce steadily the threat of distributing HIV during sexual intercourse.

HOW EXACTLY DOES HIV SPREAD DURING INTERCOURSE? To spread HIV during intercourse, HIV infection in bloodstream or intimate liquids must be sent to somebody. Sexual fluids result from a man’s penis or from a woman’s vagina, prior to, during, or after orgasm. HIV are transmitted whenever fluid that is infected into someone’s human anatomy.

You can’t distribute HIV if you have no HIV infection. In the event that you along with your lovers aren’t contaminated with HIV, there’s absolutely no danger. a “undetectable viral load” (see Fact Sheet 125) does NOT suggest “no HIV infection.” If there is certainly no experience of bloodstream or fluids that are sexual there’s no danger. HIV has to go into the physical human body for illness that occurs.

UNSAFE STRATEGIES non-safe sex features a high threat of distributing HIV. The best danger is whenever blood or sexual fluid touches the soft, moist areas (mucous membrane layer) in the rectum, vagina, lips, or in the tip of this penis. These can be damaged effortlessly, which provides HIV a real means to find yourself in the human body.

Genital or intercourse that is rectal protection is unsafe. Intimate liquids enter the human anatomy, and wherever a penis that is man’s inserted, it may cause little rips which make HIV disease much more likely. The receptive partner is more probably be contaminated, although HIV might possibly enter the penis, particularly when this has contact with HIV-infected blood or vaginal liquids for a long period or if this has any open sores.

Some males think they can’t transfer HIV when they pull their penis out before they reach orgasm. This really isn’t true, because HIV may be when you look at the fluid which comes from the penis before orgasm.

SAFER STRATEGIES Many sexual intercourse holds some chance of distributing HIV. To lessen the danger, allow it to be more challenging for bloodstream or fluid that is sexual go into your system.

Know about the human body along with your partner’s. Cuts, sores, or gums that are bleeding the possibility of distributing HIV. Rough physical working out additionally advances the danger.

Make use of a barrier to avoid experience of bloodstream or fluid that is sexual. Understand that the body’s barrier that is natural your skin.

The most frequent synthetic barrier is a condom for males. You may want to make use of condom that is female protect the vagina or anus during sex. Fact Sheet 153 has more details on condoms.

Lubricants can increase stimulation that is sexual. Oil-based lubricants like Vaseline, oils, or creams could harm condoms along with other barriers that are latex. Make sure to utilize lubricants that are water-based.

Oral intercourse has low chance of transmitting HIV, however it is feasible if intimate liquids be in the lips if you will find bleeding gum tissue or sores when you look at the lips. Items of latex or wrap that is plastic the vagina, or condoms throughout the penis, can be utilized as obstacles during oral intercourse. Condoms without lubricants would be best for dental sex. Many lubricants taste awful.

HIV medicines can reduce the possibility of transmitting HIV. HIV-negative people in danger may take medicines, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP, see Fact Sheet 160) before publicity, or post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP, see Fact Sheet 156) within 72 hour of publicity. A HIV+ individual who takes medicines and has now an invisible viral load is a lot less prone to infect other people.

SECURE STRATEGIES Safe tasks do not have danger for distributing HIV. Abstinence (never ever making love) is completely safe. Intercourse with only one partner is safe so long as neither certainly one of you is contaminated and if neither certainly one of you ever has intercourse or stocks needles (see Fact Sheet 154).

Fantasy, masturbation, or hand jobs ( where you keep your liquids to your self), sexy talk, and non-sexual massage may also be safe. There isn’t any danger of transmitting HIV by using these tasks.

To be safe, assume that your particular intercourse lovers are contaminated with HIV. You can’t inform if folks are contaminated by how they look. They are often lying when they tell you he is not contaminated, particularly if they would like to have sexual intercourse with you. Some individuals got HIV from their constant lovers whom had been unfaithful “just once.”

Also those who got a test that is negative could be contaminated. They could have now been contaminated once they were exposed to HIV after they got tested, or they might have gotten the test too soon. Fact Sheet 102 has more details on HIV evaluating.

IMAGINE IF EACH PEOPLE ARE USUALLY INFECTED? Many people who will be HIV-infected don’t see the requirement to follow safer intercourse instructions when they’re intimate along with other infected people. Nonetheless, it nevertheless is reasonable to “play safe.” In the event that you don’t, you may be subjected to other sexually transmitted infections such as for example herpes, human being papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis or syphilis. These diseases can be more serious if you already have HIV. Selecting an intercourse partner predicated on their HIV illness status is named “sero sorting.” a current study revealed that this is simply not an effective solution to reduce steadily the danger of HIV illness.

Additionally, though unusual, you can find that is“re-infected a various stress of HIV. This version that is new of could be resistant to antiretroviral medications. After the instructions for safer intercourse shall lessen the risk.

KNOW VERY WELL WHAT YOU’RE DOING utilizing alcohol or medications before or during intercourse significantly boosts the possibilities that you’ll perhaps perhaps perhaps not follow safer intercourse instructions. Be cautious if any alcohol has been used by you or medications.

SET YOUR LIMITS determine how risk that is much are able to just take. Understand how protection that is much desire to make use of during different varieties of intimate tasks. Just before have sex, think about safer intercourse set your limits obtain a supply of water-based lubricant and condoms or any other obstacles, and make certain these are generally simple to find if you want them confer with your lovers so they really understand your restrictions. Adhere to your restrictions. Don’t allow liquor or medications or a appealing partner make you forget to safeguard your self.

THE UNDERSIDE LINE HIV disease may appear during intercourse. Intercourse is safe as long as there’s no HIV, no bloodstream or fluids that are sexual or absolutely no way for HIV to find yourself in your body.

You’ll reduce steadily the chance of illness if you avoid unsafe tasks or you utilize obstacles like condoms. Determine in your limitations and adhere to them.

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