Europea<span id="more-20293"></span>n countries in 2015: A Fragmented Regulatory Landscape for Online Gaming

Europe was a place that is confusing do gambling company in 2015. Video Gaming regulations in the EU lacked harmony, regardless of the most useful efforts of the European Commission.

Europe faced a boatload of regulatory issues this year. No question, 2015 was a challenging year for online gaming operators into the EU, as tighter regulations from many countries created an ever more fragmented landscape that is regulatory.

From taxation levels to player pools, Europe continues to be an unharmonious gaming space that is online.

Meanwhile, the new EU tax on digital services, plus the British point of consumption tax, squeezed operators’ margins and ushered in a period of consolidation for the gambling industry.

Several countries opted for to manage online gambling and open their markets up to foreign operators, increasing the tax headache for businesses who wished to engage with these new licensed markets.

Hoping to raise some tax that is much-needed, Portugal’s cash-strapped government signed its new online gambling bill into law in June, nevertheless the brand new regime’s taxation demands had been criticized by the industry for being overly complex and punitive. That’s because casino and poker revenue is currently taxed between 15 per cent and 30 percent based on an operator’s annual income.

Portugal’s decision to permit the state that is former to pay as much as 50 percent less income tax than the newly licensed operators added insult to injury, and lots of, such as William Hill, promptly ceased operations.

One Action Forward, Two Steps Back

Italy and Romania made a decision to move in the opposite direction and actually charge lower taxes in order to invigorate their markets and combat unregulated web sites by reducing the responsibility on licensed internet sites. Italy’s tax reforms meant that on line gambling companies are now taxed on their gross profits, rather than gross gambling revenue, a changed welcomed by the industry.

Meanwhile, there was talk once more of online poker liquidity sharing between Italy, France, and Spain.

Progress comes at a price, though. Sweeping gambling that is italian have been met with a conservative backlash that is pushing for a blanket ban on all gambling marketing.

Meanwhile, Holland’s slow-moving gambling reforms, which will break the web and land-based monopoly of Holland Casino, have spent the entire year creeping through the legislative system and are required to be rubber stamped quickly. The new marketplace is more likely to attract huge interest from potential licensee with regards to finally arrives.

But if the gambling that is dutch seems to be taking forever to come to fruition, it ‘s got nothing on Sweden, which has been reluctantly promising to update its gaming laws for years. This present year,it ended up being the subject of increased legal stress from the EU over the proceeded gambling monopoly run by Svenska Spel. The EU sued Sweden, and the courts have given it until 2018 to amend its laws acceptably september.

German Inefficiency

In Germany, online gambling laws remain as fuzzy as ever, many thanks partly to the existence of a split gambling regime into the state of Schleswig-Holstein, the actual only real declare that permits online casino in addition to recreations wagering.

The rest of the 15 states that are german where online activities betting alone is at the least theoretically legal, had promised to begin issuing 20 sports betting licenses back in 2012. This was a response to pressure from the EU, which disapproved regarding the state that is german monopoly, Oddset. No licenses were forthcoming in 2015, however, and the licensing process remains mired in legal wrangles.

There’s good news from Norway, though. Formerly one of the more restrictive gambling jurisdictions in Europe, the nation has now legalized poker tournaments. A comprehensive report on its gambling rules led lawmakers to realize that forcing poker that is norwegian to put up their national championships overseas had been a bit, well, strange.

UK 2015: Politics and Taxes Hit Online Gambling Operators Hard

The united kingdom’s point of consumption income tax heralded a period of industry consolidation in 2015. (Image: shutterstock)

As the New Year broke in 2015, operators in the UK market were just beginning to have the pinch of the nation’s unpopular brand new point of consumption taxation, which had come into effect on December 1 for the year just passed.

Any online operator that wished to engage with UK consumers would be required to pay a 15 percent levy on gross gaming revenues under the new regulations.

Formerly, operators were able to pay taxes towards the regulatory jurisdiction that licensed them, and they certainly were nearly always more favorable.

Margins Squeezed

Operators were also being squeezed by new EU VAT rules on digital services (the same as sales tax into the US), which said would cost the ongoing company an additional €15 million ($16.9 million) in 2015.

Meanwhile, William Hill said its working profits fell by around £21 million in the 1st half of the 12 months, and that the brand new fiscal guidelines had left it having a bill that has been £44 million greater similar duration for the year that is previous.

These new taxes would squeeze margins in an already crowded and competitive space. Among the instant effects for the point of consumption tax, needless to say, was to make that room marginally less crowded, being a handful of operators decided to call it quits.

Several withdrew from the market altogether, but these were brands with smaller stakes in the united kingdom market, like Winamax, Carbon Poker, and Mansion Poker.


For the others, an interval of consolidation was predicted, and 2015 ended up being probably be a time period of mergers and acquisitions for the big UK-facing online video gaming brands, analysts said. Companies would seek to group together to produce scale and cost savings through corporate synergies. And so it could show, but who would jump into bed with whom?

There had been rumors that was considering putting itself up for sale since the summer of 2014. Lots of suitors were rumored to be at the negotiation dining table, but fundamentally it came down to a protracted bidding war between GVC Holdings and 888 Holdings, the latter of which had only just survived a takeover attempt of its, from William Hill. GVC finally sealed the deal with a bid of $1.6 million.

Creating Powerhouses

Meanwhile, Ladbrokes and Gala Coral announced their intention to merge, while Paddy Power and Betfair agreed to your formation of a online sportsbetting powerhouse, Paddy Power Betfair. Betfair had previously announced that it was thriving, despite the true point of consumption income tax, with revenues up 21 percent to £476.5 million ($757 million) and a 52 per cent rise in active customers to a record $1.7 million ($2.6 million).

This shows that the united kingdom market it self is healthier, and the appetite for online sport betting in specific is stronger than ever, and yet with this kind of large amount of brands competing for players, the deluge of gambling TV advertising has threatened to ignite a backlash that is public the gambling industry.

Speaking at the WRB Responsible Gambling conference in London, Matthew Hill of the UK Gambling Commission warned that operators needs to be seen to be embracing socially accountable gambling in order to avoid such a backlash. Otherwise, he warned, the us government would be forced to tighten regulatory controls and restrict industry growth.

Legal Challenge

Meanwhile, the Gibraltar Betting and Gaming Association (GBGA) brought its challenge that is legal to brand new UK licensing regime before the High Courts, arguing that the idea of consumption tax contravenes Article 56 of the Treaty regarding the Functioning regarding the European Union (TFEU), which deals with the right to trade easily across borders.

The situation had been referred to the European Court of Justice, European countries’s highest court, which was asked to consider the legality of this taxation as a matter of ‘constitutional importance.’

The Top Five Hottest Gambling Trends of 2015

Daily Fantasy Sports (DFS) became a huge trend in 2015, and whether or not it requires more regulation became this type of huge issue that it was even talked about at one of the GOP presidential debates. (Image:

Looking back at 2015’s hottest gambling styles, we saw a video gaming landscape in a state of flux, with new innovations driven largely by market challenges. Listed below are our top 5 gaming trends of the year.

Bitcoin Gaming

Gambling with Bitcoins arrived of age in 2015. The number of gambling sites accepting the cryptocurrency expanded, while a greater understanding of digital currencies among the general general public and governments alike means they are starting to reduce their ‘subversive’ element and become more widely accepted.

A few licensing jurisdictions around the global world are starting to identify the role of Bitcoins in the gaming sector and 2016 may well see steps to regulate Bitcoin gaming.

Meanwhile, poker operator Briyan Micon became the first person to be prosecuted for operating a bitcoin gaming site that is unlicensed. He pleaded guilty in a Nevada court and received probation and a $25,000 fine.

Poker for the People

A have to reclaim poker for the player that is recreational evident everywhere in 2015. From a boost in lower buy-in events with slimmer pay-out structures at the World Series of Poker, to the decision of some web sites to ban HUDs and other tracking software, there was a concerted effort by operators to concentrate on the amateur player and also to make poker fun once more.

The online poker market has suffered from the dearth of recreational players. The skill gap between new players and everyone else has never been wider, because of player assistance pc software that allows players that are good multi-table at low stakes, and that means fewer new players have already been coming into the game.

Full Tilt took the extreme action of banning heads-up games and table selection totally, included in a work to get rid of ‘bum-hunters,’ good players whom actively seek out and prey on weak players.

PokerStars, meanwhile, banned certain player-assistance programs and launched a wave of low buy-in festivals, aimed squarely at the player that is casual. The gaming mega giant also unleashed A vip that is revised to kick in regarding the first associated with new 12 months, one that will benefit the Average Joe player, but may leave pros and grinders crying for the past.

Land-based Skill Gaming

Eager to channel the alleged ‘millennial’ generation, which eschews more traditional forms of gambling, the casino industries of Nevada and New Jersey have embraced skill gaming. Both states amended their video gaming laws in 2015 to permit ‘variable payouts’ machines and we can expect to start to see the increasing emergence of these game that is slot-video throughout 2016.

Gaming law usually dictates that payout chances should be the same for all players, but variable payouts will allow for better chances of winning for players who are able to gain proficiency at a bonus that is skill-based for instance. The skill-based slot-video hybrid would have been a revolutionary addition to the casino flooring.

Mergers and Acquisitions

Regulatory challenges, higher taxes and a market that is saturated in a period of consolidation for the video gaming industry in European countries and that meant mergers and acquisitions were in the cards. Negotiations throughout 2015 resulted in the creation of the number of gambling superpowers for 2016. was acquired by GVC Holdings in a $1.7 billion reverse takeover, while bookmakers Ladbrokes and Gala Coral agreed to merge to create a UK gambling behemoth.

Perhaps the most the most deal that is intriguing the alliance of Paddy Power and Betfair, two of the greatest online activities betting companies in the entire world.

Daily Fantasy Sports (DFS)

2015 had been the year that daily dream recreations truly exploded. While Amaya announced so it ended up being jumping regarding the bandwagon, the 2 top sites, DraftKings and FanDuel, were able to raise hundreds of millions of dollars in capital to assist their expansion and quickly bombarded our televisions with wall-to-wall advertising.

Of course, this prompted calls for regulation of this nascent industry, especially when news broke in very early October of a insider trading scandal that is possible. How many associated with the web sites’ workers were exploiting data that are internal order to gain an advantage over the public, and just who is policing them, were the questions of everyone’s lips. Many argued that DFS had been merely sports gambling in another guise and really should be regulated as such.

The industry itself quickly responded with a few proactive self-regulation. The Fantasy Sports Trade Association formed the Fantasy Sports Control Agency (FSCA), which the company states will undoubtedly be tasked with ‘creating a strict, clear and effective system of self-regulation for the businesses that comprise the fantasy sports industry.’

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